Many people suffer from leg ulcers caused by varicose veins, yet understand very little about them, particularly how to treat them. In this two part series, we’ll discuss the two type of ulcers, what causes them and what treatment options are available for them.
Let’s start with the basic question. What is an ulcer? In essence, an ulcer is a wound that develops on the covering layer of any organ, and can penetrate partially or completely through the covering layer.
Understanding The 2 Different Types Of Leg Ulcers
Ulcers are usually described in association with the underlying disease process involved. Some ulcers are quite esoteric and rare. Others are quite common.
There are 2 major categories of ulcers on the skin. Interestingly, they both tend to occur on the bottom of the lower extremity and they are both vascular in nature. In this first article we will discuss arterial leg and foot ulcers.
Arterial Leg And Foot Ulcers
These are the open skin wounds [ulcers] that develop as a result of peripheral arterial disease [PAD]. Learn more about PAD here. It is the arteries that bring nutrients and oxygen necessary for survival to the body’s tissues. If this continuous supply to the skin [and other organs] is compromised, then the skin loses it ability to maintain itself; and an ulcer is the end result.
Without nutrients and oxygen the skin dies; and without nutrients and oxygen the dead skin cannot be replaced with new skin. If nothing is done to increase the blood flow through the arteries to the compromised area, progressive destruction of tissue will ensue. These ulcers typically occur on the ankle, foot, or toes-the regions where the blood has to travel the farthest from the heart.
Treatment Of Arterial Ulcers
Treatment of arterial ulcers is straightforward; improve the blood flow to the area. If this is not done, then all other types of treatments are doomed to fail.
Those who suffer from arterial ulcers often fail to receive the proper treatment from a qualified Vascular Surgeon who can provide the right treatment in order for the ulcer to heal while not allowing infection to occur during the process.
In part 2 of, we will discuss venous ulcers. Check back in to find out more about this type of skin ulcer.
If you are suffering from leg ulcers or have other venous system issues, contact Dr. Robert Ruess of Five Star Vein Institute. With offices located in Mesquite and Las Vegas, Nevada, Dr. Ruess is a leading authority on venous disorders and their treatment.